Youth dole on the cards for SA
The ANC is set to approve a comprehensive package of grants for unemployed youth that is estimated to cost R30 billion a year.
If approved, that will take to 18 million the number of South Africans who receive state support.
The grants are the opposite of a wage subsidy as the money is paid directly to jobless young people rather than to their employers.
Research by various agencies has found that if you don’t find your first job while young, you are likely to be terminally unemployable.
The first grant proposal is for a R450-a-month benefit linked to incentive programmes.
An explainer from the ANC’s social transformation commission, which sat this week as part of policy discussions at Mangaung, reads: “The central policy objective is to protect unemployed youth by preventing them from falling into destitution, while promoting education and skills development, and developing labour-activation programmes.”
The commission proposes the dole for youth be phased in over seven to 14 years, depending on economic growth.
It is expected to cost 3.5% of gross domestic product and will possibly double the state’s spending on social grants. The commission says this can be sped up, but doing this will have tax implications.
The social assistance packages are estimated to cost R22 billion a year; the incentive to learn a skill or attend a programme could cost R2 billion a year; and administration costs are likely to be R6 billion a year.
Currently, the child-support grant costs R35 billion a year and youth support will almost double this.
ANC technocrats who drew up the proposals say the economy needs to grow at 3.5% a year to support this. Growth is currently much lower.
The document continues: “The programme will be tax funded, thereby distributing income from wealthier labour participants to those who are not able to access the labour market, thereby reducing inequality.”
The party wants funding from the fiscus. It says government can implement the programme more quickly if it dumps the reserves of the Unemployment Insurance Fund into a jobs fund to pay for the unemployed youth grants package and to alter the tax rebate systems.
The document states: “The economy is growing too slowly to absorb young people, and they are generally not the first to be considered by employers. Young people, especially those without matric, have been particularly affected by the downturn in the economy, so the queue of unemployed has (lengthened).”
In addition to the support package for jobless youth, the social transformation commission also debated how to embroider a better human rights culture into the state, especially with regards to sexual-orientation rights.
Attacks on gay people have become chronic, with several murders rocking the nation this year.
Nonracialism also came under scrutiny at the commission, with several delegates noting the ANC has lost its diverse character. The party is now largely black African. There were only a few delegates who were white, coloured or Indian.
There was also discussion on how employment equity and black economic empowerment policies entrench racial classification.
– Staff reporters